Argentina Eyes Slower Renewable Growth as Infrastructure Lags

By Vanessa Dezem and Jonathan Gilbert

Argentina’s next renewable power auction will be half the size of last year’s because of an infrastructure bottleneck slowing down the the ability to add capacity.

Juan Jose Aranguren. Photographer: Sarah Pabst/Bloomberg

The government will auction 1.2 gigawatts of renewable power, led by wind and solar projects, and doesn’t need much more capacity for now, Energy Minister Juan Jose Aranguren said. Argentina has plans to also award contracts for eight new transmission lines projects at the end of the year to follow the clean power expansion. A gigawatt can power at least 750,000 homes in the U.S.

“We don’t need to auction all renewable capacity now,” Aranguren said in an interview with Bloomberg Television’s Alix Steel last week. “We’ll have, at the same time, transmission line auctions and solve the bottlenecks. Moreover, if we auction 10 gigawatts today I have to marry that with price. And the technology prices will improve. ´´

The renewable energy auction is scheduled for Nov. 29 and could drive about $2 billion in investments, according to Juan Bosch, president of energy trading company SAESA. The two previous rounds of an auction program designed to promote renewables awarded 2.4 gigawatts of new capacity, with total commitments reaching about $4 billion.

Argentina faces limited transmission infrastructure that reaches areas with good wind and solar sources. The country will need to add 5,000 kilometers (3,100 miles) of transmission lines in the next three years to keep up with the expanding capacity.

Still Risky

“Argentina has higher prices for renewables, when you compare to other Latin American countries,” said Ana Verena Lima, a Bloomberg New Energy Finance analyst in Sao Paulo. “That is because the country is still seen as a risky place and investors demand higher returns to invest on it.”

Low Wind Prices in Latin America

Argentina’s wind prices in auctions are declining, but still are the highest in the region

Source: BNEF

Auction details:

  • Wind: Maximum contract $56.25 a megawatt-hour, below average of $59 a megawatt-hour in the first round last year
  • Solar: Maximum contract 57.04 a megawatt-hour, below average of $60 a megawatt-hour in the first round last year
  • 20-year contracts to sell power from planned power projects, with facility required ready two years after auction
  • Deadline to submit proposals is Oct 19.
    • Auction set for November
    • Will seek 550 megawatts of wind; 450 megawatts solar; 100 megawatts of biomass; 50 megawatts of small hydropower; 35 megawatts of biogas; and 15 megawatts from landfill biogas.
  • The government created a loan-guarantee mechanism that cuts project risk. The government has also arranged rate subsidies and equity contributions, and an additional guarantee from the World Bank.

More than 60 percent of Argentina’s energy comes from fossil fuels, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance. The country set a goal of boosting clean energy consumption to 8 percent by the end of 2017, from 1 percent now, and 20 percent by 2025.

“We’ll see a lot of bids,” said Bosch. “There are many developed projects ready to go to the auction, from big national and international players.”

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