- Just $45B invested in clean energy over the same period
- Shell and TotalEnergies lead divestment and clean spend
The world’s largest international oil companies, or IOCs, sold over $198 billion of assets between 2015 and 2020, over four times the amount they invested into clean energy technologies.
The proceeds of asset sales were instead used to invest in new fossil fuel projects, to pay down debt, or to pay dividends. This was at a time when oil prices weakened, falling from a high of almost $115 per barrel in 2014, to below $28 in 2020.
European IOCs notably diverged from their U.S. peers. Equinor was the only IOC to see clean energy investment outstrip divestment proceeds.
Despite high levels of divestment from ExxonMobil, Chevron and ConocoPhillips, they collectively invested just $757 million in clean energy, only 1% of the divestment proceeds. Most assets sold were located in Europe, indicating that investor and policy pressure to decarbonize may be driving IOCs decisions to offload assets. BNEF anticipates that decarbonization strategies will lead to more sales proceeds being redirected into clean technologies.
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