This case study discusses Toyota Motor Corporation’s demonstration project on car-sharing using ultra-compact electric vehicles to overcome the last mile challenge for public transportation. Public transportation systems such as subways, light rail and bus rapid transit, typically have stations every one-mile or so. Access to these stations beyond an easy walking distance is known as the last-mile challenge. Toyota Motor’s project evaluated how coordinated sharing of ultra-compact electric vehicles can be used to address the last-mile challenge while also lowering emissions as well as reducing any potential negative impact on the electricity grid.
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